An apple tree and the prismatic mind ⇒ Kirno Sohochari

Reader’s tribute to the prismatic mind…
The story may or may not be true, but the apple tree is true. Apple tree is perhaps not true, but a man behind this tree is true. The man might or might not be true (regard his true existence), but the curiosity-driven rubric is true. Nobody can deny that once there was an alluring apple tree (with ripened fruits) and a curious mind seated under the tree along with his cloud-capped rubric. He seated there as we often seated underneath the tree to take rest, to keeps our body quiescent for sudden moment’s tranquility.

We can guess yonder man probably not seated there for tranquility, he influenced by the silence and seated there perchance to embrace the silence by heart… to filtrate his unrest mind by the landscape’s beauty. The silent landscape might not be true, but the ripened apple tree is true, gentle wave of the wind is true, and a curiosity driven yonder man is obviously true.

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All of them were having allied there. The sky was bluish on that day and the curiosity-driven man tried to soak the prismatic blue sky by his eyes. We don’t know what was going to his mind except the sight that he was sitting under the apple tree, where a ripened apple dropped suddenly to his head, as it always dropped to the ground. Things have a tendency of downfall and they always dropped down to the top. An apple was dropped on that day as it dropped earlier millions times.

The day was not exceptional, even though something was exceptional there. Dropped apple arouses the man to ponder that nothing is sudden here. His curious mind drive him to reach the conclusion that, everything here is bonded and interlinked to each other… they tagged by motion, moved by the force and velocity, and gravitated by the gravitation. 

The tales of dropped apple likely or not likely true but the motion-state of any object is true, changed state (due to the force and mass velocity) of object is true, and gravitational attraction between objects are true as well. A great curious mind once resolved this fact by using his curiosity-driven mind greatly. He used his curiosity to understand, why everything here is act so certain, what the reason acting behind this certainty, and who is the actor of this certainty is.


What is the evidence that everything in reality is real? And, if all these are real then how the reality works here to prove the real?”


Readers, I know you have already speculated what I wanted to mean by now. Yes, today’s post is my minute homage to the grand mind of modern centuries, whose prismatic mind once flashed in a dark cave and lightened it by eternal sunshine. As Alexander Pope said: “By Nature and nature’s laws lay hid in night; /God said “Let Newton be” and all was light.” Today’s post is a little effort to remember the majestic light-man again; yes, Sir Isaac Newton is yet indispensable to understand our rules as an actor of the reality and enlightened our own “Self” by the new rays of reality.

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Perception of real is mightier than the real itself. Reality is autonomous in its relation with visible and invisible objects, autonomous in its action or interaction, where we are one of the existential parts of this reality. It never waits for anybody’s command, anybody’s recognition or consent to prove that real is existed here. The vibrant landscape, with all of its prismatic spectrum, gravelled country roads, ripened apple trees, greenish cattle-fields, cricket beats and the curious minds, all is unconsciously autonomous to the action and this autonomy will be until before to the end… if there is least an any end finally.

Reality is unconsciously autonomous to its existence; we human are not like that. We are conscious that we exist… by our curious mind and by the reasoning that, though we existed here by chances but this chance is not random, it is ruled or governed under certain conditions to prove the existence real. We live here to figure out the condition (in many aspects of thousands curious minds by thousands years journey) that it is our only basic knowing about the reality. We perhaps the first creature who was driven by the curiosity that, “What is reality? Am I truly real? How can I be sure that I’m real and existed in reality as real? What is the evidence that everything in reality is real? And, if all these are real then how the reality works here to prove the real?”

Curiosity is the mother of all questions and question is the driving force of observation, motivator of realization, movers of reasoning, provocateur of experiment and acknowledge of cognition that, —we are real under such-and-such conditions. To me reality is the first recognizer of this verdant landscape (its inert and live objects, such like the lifeless pebbles, alive and ripened apple trees, grand curious mind of Isaac Newton and lot so on) that, it is real and interactive to the life.

Real appears as true when we think it is true, when we feel there is something happening beyond our understanding and driven our mind to unveil the beyond as understandable. That is the way we try to glance through the world, that is the way we driven our mind to imagine the world, reasoning the world, theorize the world, models the world, and try to draw a conclusion line of reality that… yes, it is existed in this or that ways. Newton is among of many who tried to examine the colorful reality by using his own prism. His curious mind drove him to depict a borderline, which could tell something about the relation, collision, interaction of objects, —autonomously acted in the giant atomic surface.

(c) The Royal Institution; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

Once there was a time when the mythical storytellers tried to explain the existence of reality by using their intuitive imagination. They lived in fairy tales and it was the reasoning of that time to understand our relation with the world. Then there was a time came when the ancient poets, naturalists and philosophers of progressed civilization tried in different ways to theorize the reality of existence. They were the commentators of idealized inference and it was their reasoning on that time to understand our presence in reality.


The story of fallen apple might be a frivolous story, but fact is proven that everything in this earth (and be the universe) are fine-tuned according to the law of gravitational forces.


After that, the early medieval thinkers tried same to idealize the reality, keeping their theorized faith on an omnipotent unknown, who was maybe (according to their inference and belief) the original cause of this real-looking-false world. Then the mid and post medieval thinkers appeared in the scene. They criticized the early for their false notion about omnipotent unknown and tried to theorize the reality in a new glance of pragmatic observation, experiment and expedition. Time flows in a glance. Today’s modern (includes the post and post-post moderns) contributors are busy to theorize the real with new definition and cognition, where they painstaking about to refute or consider the previous attempts to understand the functionality of visible or invisible stuffs.

Newton is stands there as a junction of all this past-and-present and it is undeniable that we are now living in his theorized world. Everything is pragmatic here by having its own symmetrical relation and certainty with other, where every single object follows the laws of nature. We are trying to look deeper into the micro-reality by living in Newtonian macro-reality. Micro-reality submits its objection to Newton’s macro-reality, because chaos and uncertainty leads the game there, because randomness defines the fate of everything there, and even it defines the Newtonian macro-reality too.

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Regards this ambiguity, Newton is still significant to understand the relation-pattern of existed objects. He is relevant for the object based macro world, where atomic-block build objects to define its rules in reality, so that we could think ourselves real. Why Newton is still essential for us? What the reason behind his grand narratives, which is still drives us to consider him as a genius… even in today? The answer might be simple here if we try to remember his grand narratives. He is the man who helped us to understand the hidden laws that, in how and in which way this autonomous macros this voluminous atomic world is functioning here with such certainty so that we existed here, instead of the sudden extinction.


Perception of real is mightier than the real itself.


Just once if we look through his famous laws, anybody can easily understand the reason that why everything is so certain here to attaching himself in reality. The storyteller of modern science briefed us about the off-stage scenario. He told us that our views to the world greatly depended on the three dynamic laws, rendered in nature to keep us in reality, and that is:

First Law: An object could have two states, one is static and another is dynamic. If we not pushed an outer force here, the object in rest (or static) will remain rest and object in motion will continue it motions towards the same direction at the same speed.

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Second Law: The velocity of an object changed if an outer or external force applied to it, where changes of velocity depended on to the applied force and the net force, which is acting in an object’s mass. The interesting thing is that, this action is works here in both ways. Applied force changes the velocity of an object and reversely velocity of the object generates force equally.

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Suppose If an object A has 1000 kg weighs and object B pushed it to move and able to move it 0.7 meter per second (mass time acceleration) we can calculate the total force easily, that is, 1000 kg X 0.07 m/s/s = 70 Newton Forces applied here to move the object. The formula is simple here and that is: Force (F) = m (Mass) * a (Acceleration per change).

Third Law: For every action (or Force) in nature there is must have an equal and opposite reaction, if object A put forth a Force to Object B, the object B also put forth the same force to the object A. We can easily understand the force-equilibrium by imagine the rocket flight, where rocket pushed itself to the ground by using its engine and the ground reversely pushed the same force to the rocket to flight upward.

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Newton’s laws of motion allied to us in reality, where we are an autonomous part of these rules of game, in where mass, velocity and acceleration of forces is the true parameter of the reality. His classical theory helps us to realize the materialistic macro structure of the world, where everything is connects in a dynamic chain of motion and forces. This classical model defines the definition of reality there. It destined our fate that we are certainly existed here according to the relative dynamics between objects. Newton aided us to realize that why things are falling down instead to fly the top. The story of fallen apple might be a frivolous story, but fact is proven that everything in this earth (and be the universe) are fine-tuned according to the law of gravitational forces.

Every single object, every single particle of the object attracts each other due to the gravitational force, where the attracted objects (particle indeed) have a proportional balance of mass and they are proportionate with the square of distance they have. The earth has its own center of gravity and be all objects in this universe connected according to the gravitational field.

Reality is attractive due to the laws of motion and the reversal tension of dynamic gravitational field. Newton theorizes a new-look to understand the beautiful interrelation between the macro objects, where everything is performing here like as fine-tuned accordion. That is the symmetry of life and indeed the rhythms, that help us to stay in reality, help us to acknowledge the reality as real.


… everything here is bonded and interlinked to each other… they tagged by motion, moved by the force and velocity, and gravitated by the gravitation. 


Today we know Newton’s classical world not match with the quantum world, where every particle interacted each other by randomly to create the certain macro reality, the voluminous atomic structures, where we are now rotates to think about the reality of reality. Newtonian thought consider space as a relative (due to the gravitational force and collides of objects in space) phenomena and consider the time as a constant parameter. This classical look contradicts modern paradigm-shift of space-time theory.

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Einstein’s theory of relativity theorized and proved that nothing is constant in anywhere except the light speed (because none could exceed the speed of light). This is a new authorization of reality, where the conventional perspective of looking through the world is greatly disturbed by the new-look, if we imagine the motion of any object in light-speed.

However, today we are living in a classical and cosmic reality, macro and micro reality, where Newtonian world is still been the junction to look deeper in the micro world. The story of apple tree perhaps not true but it is true that Newton assist us to realize the fact that, we are acting here as a real part of universal laws and yet it is true to comprehended our existential certainty in this atomic world.

What Newton theorized in his grand narratives are not completely different and unique. Rene Descartes noted Newton’s second law several years before, Robert Hooke blamed Newton to plagiarise his idea on gravitation, and the Leibniz–Newton controversy on calculus is now the essential part of history. None in this world is unique… none of any idea, imagination, calculation could claim unquestionable uniqueness, perhaps Newton inspired by the others, maybe he also provoked by other’s thinking, but fact is that, he combines all these in such a powerful mathematical model, that will make him genius in his time and yet even.

The son of Woolsthorpe Manor suffered a lot in his 85 years long journey. His unhappy childhood (when his father died, Newton’s mother wed another Guy and left him to his grandparents care) made him later a lonely survivor and an introvert personality with lot of intellectual rivals. Despite this Newton had a great curiosity and imagination capacity to figure out his thought with powerful innovation. The bubonic plague forced him to move Cambridge and he went his native village for 18 months. This eighteenth month is memorable because it makes Newton and the world to be. His astounding works completed in this time, which helped us to realize the reality in a new perspective.

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Newtonian paradigm aided Einstein to think forward, to represent a complete new perception of the reality we have never imagined before. Knowing is that which helps to progress the knowing to the future and it is always even better than past. Knowing is that which makes lot controversy in present and waits to be more powerful at future.


Nobody can deny that once there was an alluring apple tree (with ripened fruits) and a curious mind seated under the tree along with his cloud-capped rubric.


Today’s post is my trivial contribution to the great mind of the centuries. He inspired other to think about the authorization of reality, looking through the prismatic universe with new looks and notions. I added some numbers of poetic tributes (most of them are contemporary (and later also) of his time) by google in the net. Especially I’m grateful to the poem collectors Mr. J J O’Connor and E F Robertson of University of St Andrews, for their hardship effort to publish the poems in St Andrews website and Celia Berrell for the introductory poem.

The poetic attribute about Newton’s mind praised him, criticized him, and even tried to subdue him in philosophical or poetical ways. Here I tried to catch the moments of these controversies. Each of the poet tried to say something about Newton’s laws of motion, about his artful contribution in Opticks and everybody tried to represent their own thought to validate the reality that, —is it really looks Newtonian or not.

Introductory Poem about Newton’s Laws of motion

celia-berrell

Celia Berrell
Sir Isaac Newton’s laws of motion

Newton was a clever man.
An avid scientific fan.
He questioned many things he saw.
Like ones we had no answers for.
He thought them through right to their cores.
Then gave us many handy laws.
Newton’s First Law Of Motion:
Without a force of push or pull
an object will remain quite still.
With just one push at just one time
that object moves in one straight line.
Newton’s Second Law Of Motion:
A bigger Force accelerates
an object that is heavyweight.
While objects of a smaller mass
don’t need much Force to move them fast.
So Newton noticed they obey
that Force will equal m times a.
Newton’s Third Law Of Motion:
Now bend a stick. Before it cracks
you’ll feel its force of pushing back.
For every action there will be
an equal one – opposingly.
Without his formulas in place
we’d soon get lost in outer space.
So Isaac’s Laws help us traverse
the reaches of our universe.

(Notes: First published in Get Ahead Kids Jul Aug 2010 page 1415. This poem can also be accessed via the website of the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences)

Poet’s tribute to the prismatic mind …

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Alexander Pope
Epitaph intended for Sir Isaac Newton, in Westminster Abbey (1730)

By Nature and nature’s laws lay hid in night;
God said “Let Newton be” and all was light.

Anonymous: published in London Medley (1731).

Newton arose; show’d how each planet moved …
He was the first that could unerring trace
Each orbit thro’ th’ immense expanded space:
Fathom’d the depth of heav’n, and reach’d the height,
Where comets thro’ the void revolving flow,
Their course oblique and settled period know;
Guided by him when we survey the whole,
Worlds beyond worlds that by him measur’d roll,
And with the vast idea fill the soul;
What is the point of earth, this mortal seat,
How little all appears, and He how great!

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James Thomson
Extract from The Rainbow (1735).

Here, awful Newton, the dissolving clouds
Form, fronting on the sun, thy showery prism;
And to the sage-instructed eye unfold
The various twine of light, by thee disclosed
From the white mingling maze.

Jane Brereton
On the Bustoes in the Royal Hermitage (1735).

Newton, th’ All-wise Creator’s works explores,
Sublimely, on the wings of knowledge, soars;
Th’ establish’d order, of each orb, unfolds,
And th’ omnipresent God, in all, beholds:
If to the dark abyss, or bright abode,
He points; the view still terminates in God.

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John Brown
Short Extract of the poem: Honour: a Poem (1743)

See Newton chase conjecture’s twilight ray,
And light up nature into certain day!
He wide creation’s trackless mazes trod;
And in each atom found the ruling God.

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Cardinal Melchior de Polignac
Anti-Lucretius (1745)

Nor does the great Newton’s famous system stand,
On one compact foundation, simply plann’d:
No: every new ph’nomenon must cause
Some variation in his fickle laws:
This one defect beyond a doubt refutes
His doctrine’s claim, and closes all disputes.

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Henry Jones
Philosophy: a Poem address’d to the Ladies who attend Mr Booth’s Lectures (1746)

Contracted here by wondrous art is seen
A boundless system in a small machine;
Here human skill to proud perfection brought,
The mortal mimic of omnific thought,
Th’ Almighty’s model to the mind conveys,
The universe, and all its pow’rs displays;
How wander planets, how revolves the year,
The moon how changes, and how comets glare.
Whose pow’rful fiat, whose creative will
First founded nature, and supports her still.
Here godlike Newton’s all capacious mind
(The glory and the guide of human kind)
Shows wedded worlds far distant worlds embrace
With mutual bands, yet keep their destin’d space,
Roll endless measures through th’ etherial plain,
Link’d by the social strong attractive chain,
Whose latent springs exert all nature’s force,
Inwrap the poles, and point the stars their course.

Anonymous
A Philosophic Ode on the Sun and the Universe (1750)

Newton, immortal Newton rose;
This mighty frame, its order, laws,
His piercing eyes beheld:
That Sun of Science pour’d his streams,
All darkness fled before his beams,
And Nature stood reveal’d.
Though Newton’s genius cloudless shone,
Discover’d truths before unknown,
By none before believ’d;
That time will come when such shall know
Much more than Newton ever knew,
Than fancy e’er conceiv’d.

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William Blake
You don’t believe (1800-10)

You don’t believe – I won’t attempt to make ye.
You are asleep – I won’t attempt to wake ye.
Sleep on, sleep on, while in your pleasant dreams
Of reason you may drink of life’s clear streams
Reason and Newton, they are quite two things,
For so the swallow and the sparrow sings.
Reason says ‘Miracle’, Newton says ‘Doubt’.
Aye, that’s the way to make all Nature out:
Doubt, doubt, and don’t believe without experiment.
That is the very thing that Jesus meant
When he said: “Only believe.” Believe and try,
Try, try, and never mind the reason why.

William Blake
Jerusalem: The Emanation of the Giant Albion (1804-20)

I turn my eyes to the schools & universities of Europe
And there behold the loom of Locke whose woof rages dire,
Washed by the water-wheels of Newton. Black the cloth
In heavy wreaths folds over every nation; cruel works
Of many wheels I view, wheel without wheel, with cogs tyrannic
Moving by compulsion each other: not as those in Eden, which
Wheel within wheel in freedom revolve, in harmony & peace.

(Notes: The above extract is taken from the First Chapter of Jerusalem.)

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Lord Byron
Don Juan (1819-24) : Short extract referring Newton

When Newton saw an apple fall, he found
In that slight startle from his contemplation –
‘Tis said (for I’ll not answer above ground
For any sage’s creed or calculation) –
A mode of proving that the Earth turned round
In a most natural whirl, called “gravitation;”
And this is the sole mortal who could grapple,
Since Adam – with a fall – or with an apple.
Man fell with apples, and with apples
If this be true; for we must deem the mode
In which Sir Isaac Newton could disclose
Through the then unpaved stars the turnpike road,
A thing to counterbalance human woes;
For ever since immortal man hath glowed
With all kinds of mechanics, and full soonSteam-engines will conduct him to the Moon.

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Percy Bysshe Shelley
Queen Mab: A philosophical poem (1813)

How many a Newton, to whose passive ken
Those mighty spheres that gem infinity
Were only specks of tinsel in heaven
To light the midnights of his native town!

(Notes: The poem is in nine parts. This “Newton extract” is from Part V.)

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John Keats
Lamia (1820)

Do not all charms fly
At the mere touch of cold philosophy?
There was an awful rainbow once in heaven:
We know her woof, her texture; she is given
In the dull catalogue of common things.
Philosophy will clip an Angel’s wings,
Conquer all mysteries by rule and line,
Empty the haunted air, and gnomed mine –
Unweave a rainbow

(Notes: In this poem, Keats laments Newton having destroyed the poetry of the rainbow by reducing it to decomposed white light. Keats is said to have often proposed a toast, “Confusion to the memory of Newton”. When asked to explain, he said, “Because Newton destroyed the poetry of the rainbow by reducing it to a prism? Ah, my dear old friend, you and I shall never see such days again!”)

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William Wordsworth
The Prelude (1850): Short extract

And from my pillow, looking forth by light
Of moon or favouring stars, I could behold
The antechapel where the statue stood
Of Newton with his prism and silent face,
The marble index of a mind for ever
Voyaging through strange seas of Thought, alone.

(Notes: This is an autobiographical poem. The following extract is from Book III, Residence at Cambridge where Wordsworth looks at Newton’s statue at Trinity College.)

Knowing is that which helps to progress the knowing to the future and it is always even better than past.

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Click here to read all collected poem about Newton’s prismatic mind.

Photo Credit: Newton in His Garden at Woolsthorpe, Autumn 1665William Blake: Isaac Newton Romanticism; Newton under the apple tree; write sciencevenus transit; honest historypinterest; Laws of motion; motion-2nd law: slideshare; motion: 3rd law; Universal Gravitation; Gravitation formula
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