Communicative power of music is universal regards the lingual barrier. Music reflects such energy which perhaps timeless for its tonality, for its rhythmic influence and beats. Words have potential power to build the music for poetical and philosophical, for deliberately trusted to the messages of life, indeed this, music tells more than words by its instrumentation, tune-arrangement and rhythmic body language of performer. Music is a vocalized art and equally a mime art of tunes, instrument-beats and body-gestures, where words are dancing with the mimes, where mimes can be dance vibrantly rather delivering a single words.
Indian classical music is the example here. Classical Indian music based on the composition of vocalized tuning, words act minor role there, but the vocalist’s harmonization with tunes superseded the necessity of poetic lyrics, where the inner soul speaks by tunes. This is the universality of music where rhythmic tune and body language shines over inner saddens and blissful moments of life we carry on yet.
Today’s shared video-clip captured some blissful moments of human inner soul. Dancers are the singer of unknown uncertain, living in Bengal region of Indian panorama now. Colloquially they are entitled by the name “Baul Fakirs”, that means singer of solo-eternity, a true-finder of existential validity, debater on creation’s purpose and intended to live easy life by praised the natural beauty of life and its destiny. They are mystical in God’s vision, spiritually pragmatic to justify bodied existence as miniature of universe, and intended to assimilate all this in a philosophical notion to praise the beauty and agony of life.
The Bengal Bauls and Fakirs sprouted in the ground of Indian sub continental religion and philosophical tradition. They are the spokesmen of religious faith and critique of dogmatic belief system. The Baul of Bengal sublimated by the authority in earlier time. Once (in British colonial period in India) they were millions in number and appeared a threat to the conservative religious belief system and conviction.
“Fatwa” [the Islamic laws against any activity that is contradicted Quran, Hadith, Sira (prophetic biography of Muhammad), Fiqh (the Muslim law) and authorized belief, rituals of Islam itself] against Baul was a common event on those days of history. The inner nature of Baul and Fakir’s songs are intuitive and ontological, prioritized commonsense of human knowledge seeking and pragmatic experience in life. It’s a package of question, questing, exploration, logical debate about creation, purpose of life and creator’s existence.
The Baul Philosophy contains metaphorical rhetoric and metaphysical objects. Baul deals these stuffs passionately. Baul Philosophy of Bengal swallowed all the religious rituals, theological explanation and philosophical interpretations of Hindu, Islamic and Buddhist religion. Theoretically, this people could consider as subaltern (with their contemplative criticism to the social-classification and dogmatic religious bindings) due to the religious and economic class contrast in Bengal’s society.
Sublimation makes them separate but they have tended to attached them with root-oriented rural life, where life is even today natural and automated by religious belief and mystic feeling of eternity. Bauls are inborn singer of rural nature and its folk tunes. They are whirling around the humanity. Human is the central point of Baul’s thought. They called it “Sohoj Manush” which could be symbolized in English by the term the “Golden Man”.
Bauls and Fakirs of Bengal are humanistic in heart and materialistic by nature, they feel comfort to traveling the solitary path, but their philosophy and inner expression of music stands beyond over the solitary, where words and tunes are truly mesmeric to explore the solidarity of life and fate of existence. They have tremendous influence on Bengali Modern Music and the influence still increases day-by-day.
The Baul root of Bengal planted in deep of this soil and this shared video is not enough to focus on it. A detail on Bengal Baul’s Song and its philosophical journey coming very soon.