Hacker ethic and the waning hope ⇒ Kirno Sohochari

Firstly, hacker’s manifestation of using the computer as an open source of information has stumbled on the ground when a group of hackers has been seeing big market potential in the source code based algorithms. Seventies Harvardians and MIT programmers were eager to usher a new day by using assembly language like an artful master. Many of them were tireless to improve assembly language ability largely. Today’s business tycoon Bill Gates was one of them. He and Paul Allen developed the BASIC program in their animated Harvadian age. They had akin to the unbridled hacker ethic, which was first sprouted in MIT’s lab room in the early fifties. 

The Tech Model Railroad Club sneaked MIT’s EAM room to talk with the gigantic computer (30 tons and 9 feet tall), and yonder ushers were the initiators of hacker ethic. They were the dreamer, was passionate to write a new source code by using the clumsy-wired machine. Peter Samson was the man who passionately led the club members on those days. They were passionate to hack every single organ of the gigantic monster. Of excavating the early day’s hackerism Steven Levy dedicated a complete chapter in his bestselling book. His investigative journalism depicted the metaphorical obsession of Peter Samson and his gangs when they operated the monster machine just for generating some machine code. 

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Altc: CC BY-SA 2.0 big data conew 1 by lucky sun

… Modern age as is not so different, it is identical to the old ethical ordains of insulation, manipulation, exploitation of human’s inner capacity throng the systematic source coded discipline and order. Any new invention probably appeared a changing factor for a cultural transaction and in some extent transition as well, but the impact of that transition in ground level is always seeing bleak and pale.
… … …

Their activism was tough since the machine was tough. The early day’s programmers had burdened and challenged by the hassle to operate every single part of the machine in a harmonized way for the sake of source code development. They were poetical in the hassle-time and habituated of tagging the problematic parts with unique metaphors. This poetism has made fifties hackers imaginative, later they played an inspiring role which has made their descendants more creative and imaginative. Levy wrote:

“… When a piece of equipment wasn’t working, it was “losing”; when a piece of equipment was ruined, it was “munged” (Mash Until No Good); the two desks in the comer of the room were not called the office, but the “orifice”; one who insisted on studying for courses was a “tool”; garbage was called “cruft”; and a project undertaken or a product built not solely to fulfill some constructive goal, but with some wild pleasure taken in mere involvement, was called a “hack.” (See: Hackers Heroes of Computer Revolution)

Peter and his gang were obsessed to the maniacal poetism and that was, —hack the system at any cost. On those diehard battling days with a monster machine, according to Levy’s narration, —“The most productive people working on Signals and Power called themselves “hackers” with great pride.” The entire battle with the clumsy-wired machine monster was naive with bit poetic ventures. Levy wrote:

“This is how Peter Samson saw himself and his friends in a Sandburg-esque poem in the club newsletter: 

Switch Thrower for the World,
Fuze Tester, Maker of Routes,
Player with the Railroads and the System’s Advance Chopper;
Grungy, hairy, sprawling,
Machine of the Point-Function Line-o-lite:
They tell me you are wicked and I believe them; for I have seen your
painted light bulbs under the lucite luring the system coolies…
Under the tower, dust all over the place, hacking with bifurcated
springs…
Hacking even as an ignorant freshman acts who has never lost
occupancy and has dropped out
Hacking the M-Boards, for under its locks are the switches, and
under its control the advance around the layout,
Hacking!” (See: Hackers Heroes of Computer Revolution) 

Yes, to stretch human wisdom towards information technology, hacked everything in the machine so far you have could. This grit-teeth volition of building robust computer language was the early-age hackerism. Peter and his colleagues have manipulated the system to fulfill their curious desire of computer programming. They hypnotized them through the novelty that an access to the machine means a new access to the knowledge-based information, and this is the material essence of knowing with deep curiosity, whereas rest is immaterial

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Wired.com: Early Computer: The Tech Model Railroad Club Photo 

… Human society has never been able to stand on the open sharing platform. It always tried to establish a regimented society where the source code of openness was always implanted under restriction and prohibition.
… … …

Fifties novelty has stayed far above the later manipulation of hacker’s primeval ethics, which motivated Peter Samson sneaked EAM room at late night and stayed there unto the dawn. The diehard passion (with naivety) continued in the seventies as well. This was the prime time when Altair 8800 and Apple-II has arrived as a reality to the hackers, and they were tiresome to develop strong algorithms in machine learning science. The belief was apparently intact that, —a computer-written program should copyleft for all. Only the copyleft program can ensure the greater wellbeing of human knowledge and it can ensure the unrestricted access to computer-generated information. 

Seventies hackers were not familiar by using the term copyleft on that moment of software development. It was obviously the later induction, has particularly tagged with Richard Stallman for his contribution writing the first copyleft manifestation in terms of copyright laws. His mid-80s manifestation under the Unix based source code development project (he named it GNU) to clear the basic philosophy of copyleft concept. Stallman was going in varied ways in his copyleft manifesto, in where the tech-guru combined both of historical and philosophical vibes in terms of copyright ethics, we can read again some key point of his poetic narrative:

“GNU, which stands for Gnu’s Not Unix, is the name for the complete Unix-compatible software system which I am writing so that I can give it away free to everyone who can use it.

I consider that the golden rule requires that if I like a program I must share it with other people who like it. Software sellers want to divide the users and conquer them, making each user agree not to share with others. I refuse to break solidarity with other users in this way.

GNU is not in the public domain. Everyone will be permitted to modify and redistribute GNU, but no distributor will be allowed to restrict its further redistribution. That is to say, proprietary modifications will not be allowed. I want to make sure that all versions of GNU remain free

Once GNU is written, everyone will be able to obtain good system software free, just like air.

Copying all or parts of a program is as natural to a programmer as breathing, and as productive. It ought to be as free

The idea of copyright did not exist in ancient times, when authors frequently copied other authors at length in works of non-fiction. This practice was useful, and is the only way many authors’ works have survived even in part. The copyright system was created expressly for the purpose of encouraging authorship. In the domain for which it was invented —books, which could be copied economically only on a printing press —it did little harm, and did not obstruct most of the individuals who read the books.”

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Deviantart: Copyleft

… The long battle to ensure open source platform of Steve Wozniak, Linus Torvald, Richard Stallman and many other tech-gurus are not enough proficient to ensure Hacker Ethic which they enjoyed in early days… Similarly, the vision of developing ‘world wide web’ was a failure repercussion under the neo-emergent business-ethics of capitalism. Today’s polarization of web access has already seized the beauty of the earliest innovation.
… … …

Richard Stallman was the first initiator who used Don Hopkins’ term ‘copyleft’ to reconsider the earlier hacker ethic in light of mid-eighties progress in software distribution when Bill Gates packed his mind for the later release of Windows 95 version (with graphical interface), to occupy public domain with copyright act. Actually, the eighties hackerism was a clearcut repercussion of seventies’ hacker ethic which Stallman tried to balancing in his copyleft manifestation in later. He was not a revolutionist like as many other computer programmers who at later motivated them to treat Bill Gates a traitor and rival of hacker ethic. Stallman was considerate to the philosophical notion that ethical stand is a relative concept rather imperative. He mentioned later:

“Just because someone enjoys hacking does not mean he has an ethical commitment to treating other people properly. Some hackers care about ethics—I do, for instance—but that is not part of being a hacker, it is a separate trait. […] Hacking is not primarily about an ethical issue. […] hacking tends to lead a significant number of hackers to think about ethical questions in a certain way. I would not want to completely deny all connection between hacking and views on ethics.” (See: Hacker Ethic)

Despite this, Stallman played an inspiring role for the members who were determined to treat computer-written program to oxygenate freeness and openness at any cost. This made possible Linux work with togetherness by taking sharing aptitude, to build a strong developers community under the immense pressure of Microsoft and many other business merchandisers. The continual development of Linux under open source platform could be treated an antiestablishment razor of Bill Gates Windows. Linus Torvald‘s effort to write Linux program oxygenate many curious intuitive minds against the nasty professionalism has inducted by Bill Gates and many other tech-gurus.
… … …

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7-themes.com: Bill Gates wallpaper

… Once upon a time, Bill was an open source programmer and today he closed his Windows for them who are excited to create copyleft software for people. Make a profit in the market economy is merciless. You have to prohibit free access to source code if you wish to maintain the usability and productivity of computer written product. Bill’s insightfulness to make the computer-written program a vending goods is great in capitalistic aspect, but it was agonizing in hacker’s facet.
… … …

Let once back to the crucial historical moment. The novelty and naivety of hackerism have shaken when Bill Gates wrote a letter addressing the hobbyists (programmers of seventies hobby computers), where he mentioned his doubt for copyleft software to say:

“To me, the most critical thing in the hobby market right now is the lack of good software courses, books, and software itself. Without good software and an owner who understands programming, a hobby computer is wasted. Will quality software be written for the hobby market?” (See: An Open Letter to Hobbyists)

His letter realistically ignored the true essence of writing a computer program for promoting knowledge, for developing human innovation largely. The early generation dreamers have motivated them to Abraham Lincoln’s ethos. The common philosophy of hackerism concisely echoed Lincoln’s famous maxim, and it has still driven Stephen Wozniak educating kids for open access to computer source code, has driven Linus Torvald writes Linux in open source platform, and has motivated Richard Stallman one time to raise his voice on copyleft software.

It indicates the original rhythm of computer hackerism and that is, the ground philosophy of machine learning science has always tried to stand behalf of Lincoln’s maxim. 

The computer source code is an open chapter and a software application should have inducted to serve the motive ‘of the people by the people and for the people’. The door is open and it should be open forever. Who is eager to use source code and who feel the necessity of using computer data, he can use it without hesitation, could use it without bothering the payment burden on his shoulder

Hackers_4

Idgconnect: Alexandre Dulaunoy via Flickr

… Everybody of that particular time was aware that a new information age is knocking with an immense provision of freedom, openness, decentralization and free access to the computer. Bill was not an exception but he decided to change his role. Sad to say, his letter was an evidential reflection of ‘leave the copyleft magneto and catch the copyright to victimize the world with a new money-making capitalism’. It was the dying moment of a creative programmer and birthing moment for future generation business entrepreneurs.
… … …

Bill Gates’ approach was reverse in that sense. Harvard dropout programmer was going against the basic hacker’s cult. Access and Openness’ is treated lifeline for real hackerism, but Bill lost his passion to carry the antiestablishment burden anymore, rather he wanted to see him a catalyst agent in the money-making business, who can develop and merchandise his Altair BASIC, in where the provision of using source code will be lock by copyright act. This decision made him the enemy of hackers for a long time. A traitor, who stabbed ground morality of hacking in excuse of hobbyism. Steven Levy used following words to introduce Bill Gates in his book:

“Cocky wizard, Harvard dropout who wrote Altair BASIC, and complained when hackers copied it.” (See: Who’s Who: The Wizards and their Machines: Hackers Heroes of Computer Revolution)

Bill’s moneymaking professionalism has just appeared a sabotage event to the hobbyists of MIT and Harvard on those days. His neo-realistic approach and professionalism have guessed a new business in it, and he was solid to the logic that hobbyism is worthless as worthless to rebuild the world with a Utopian mission. Reasonably, he was not hesitant mentioned it in his letter:

“’The fact is, no one besides us has invested a lot of money in hobby software. We have written 6800 BASIC, and are writing 8080 APL and 6800 APL, but there is very little incentive to make this software available to hobbyists. Most directly, the thing you do is theft… What about the guys who re-sell Altair BASIC, aren’t they making money on hobby software?”

We could say, Bill has returned to the same old school of capitalism, in where the schooling has always begun by pretext of ‘benefit and return’. The BASIC developer was eager to see himself in the certainty where Max Weber‘s ‘Protestant ethics of capitalism’ belongs to navigate every single invention by procreated over and again the buyers and sellers metaphor by made folks the consumer and slave of the tech product. The success of fruitful invention in capitalism is depended always on the viability of profit maximization. Bill Gates turned back to the old seminary where he belonged since after his birth. His autobiography mentioned his character that from the very childhood he knew how to make business even in time of fun with his sister. 

The productivity of a new invention for free-access, free sharing, and enrichment of human wisdom treated secondary in a capitalist society, in where any voluntary participation has always measured by the microscopic profit-loss accumulation. Bill Gates (and many others tech-Mughals of his time and later) are the victim of the grand narrative of capitalism. It victimized them and they have victimized now the entire human community, as once the Pope-King based hierarchy victimized common folks accordingly the same order and discipline.
… … … 

Hackers_11

Wikipedia: Richard Stallman: Photo Source: Unknown

… Actually, the eighties hackerism was a clearcut repercussion of seventies’ hacker ethic which Stallman tried to balancing in his copyleft manifestation in later. He was not a revolutionist like as many other computer programmers who at later motivated them to treat Bill Gates a traitor and rival of hacker ethic. Stallman was considerate to the philosophical notion that ethical stand is a relative concept rather imperative.
… … …

The early history of software programming was an echobait of traditional ‘capitalistic monotheism’. It appeared later a giant industry by twisted the earlier naivety of imagination, beauty, togetherness, and knowledge sharing purpose on the open source platform. Needed to remember this, above mentioned symptoms were very common in early days hackers of MIT and Harvard. Pekka Himanen narrated the sequence in his book Hacker ethic and the spirit of information age. Bill Gates was the part of yonder sequence and has written his ‘BASIC’ by seated on that vibes. 

Everybody of that particular time was aware that a new information age is knocking with an immense provision of freedom, openness, decentralization and free access to the computer. Bill was not an exception but he decided to change his role. Sad to say, his letter was an evidential reflection of ‘leave the copyleft magneto and catch the copyright to victimize the world with a new money-making capitalism’. It was the dying moment of a creative programmer and birthing moment for future generation business entrepreneurs. 

The beginning moment of open source software development by under the patronization of some creative volunteers was charming in many extents. The early-age computer programmers were dedicated to making society members viable for the upcoming reality, so that they can use the computer-generated information with freedom and openness. However, Bill Gates and Paul Allen were fleeing to the naivety. They left all their buddies in excuse that by practicing hobbyism in Harvard or MIT’s lab are not enough to strengthen the algorithms of computers. Most probably Bill was the first source code developer who smelled the fragrance that an immense possibility of commerce just flowing underneath the naive assembly language which could make him the powerful navigator of his time. 

Hackers_3

Steemit: Jawaida: Analysing the advantages and cons of ethical hacking! 

… The computer source code is an open chapter and a software application should have inducted to serve the motive ‘of the people by the people and for the people’. The door is open and it should be open forever. Who is eager to use source code and who feel the necessity of using computer data, he can use it without hesitation, could use it without bothering the payment burden on his shoulder.
… … …

His opposite stand against the dreamlike hacker ethic was shocking if we again consider the diehard creativity (make computer access free for all) of other source code programmers on those days. They were struggling to blossom flowers despite the extreme limitation of computer hardware. The soil was arid due to the limited memory bits, even Bill and Allen wrote their BASIC program by using 4 bits memory and the option of using better was limited. The surface was a continual pleasant of the late fifties. Seventies hackers are the descendants of late fifties when the medium (assembly language) was a fantasy, and their tireless effort in MIT’s lab to write source code was just a thrilling adventure in the darkroom what we have already discussed by hiring Steven Levy’s introspective journalism. 

Fifties and sixties vibes were challenging and equally absolute in terms of resilience and creativity. Seventies vibes were although the continuation of previous but there was something in the air which provoked Bill Gates (and later many other tech-gurus) to see the future of his source code struggle in Altair. Anyway, his eye-catching clickbait baited mass people and gave him tremendous success and possessions to manipulate the society according to his desire. He got success, but what could be the hacker ethic of his opponents? What could we have said about the dream of fresh breathing under the new sunlit of freedom and open access? 

Once upon a time, Bill was an open source programmer and today he closed his Windows for them who are excited to create copyleft software for people. Make a profit in the market economy is merciless. You have to prohibit free access to source code if you wish to maintain the usability and productivity of computer written productBill’s insightfulness to make the computer-written program a vending goods is great in capitalistic aspect, but it was agonizing in hacker’s facet.

Hackers_0_2

Steven Levy’s Hacker Ethic Manifestation: Source: Google

… This was the prime time when Altair 8800 and Apple-II has arrived as a reality to the hackers, and they were tiresome to develop strong algorithms in machine learning science. The belief was apparently intact that, —a computer-written program should copyleft for all. Only the copyleft program can ensure the greater wellbeing of human knowledge and it can ensure the unrestricted access to computer-generated information.
… … …

He was the man who made computer written code viable for sale. This transformation is the new approach in where a single usability of information has supplied by the holistic father of Microsoft, Google, Facebook and so on. Bill and many others company promoters are the pioneering priests who are the decider of how and in which extend access to the information should valid for ordinary folks. 

The long battle to ensure open source platform of Steve Wozniak, Linus Torvald, Richard Stallman and many other tech-gurus are not enough proficient to ensure Hacker Ethic which they enjoyed in early days. The same fate was inevitable for Sir Tim Berners-Lee when he had driven himself to build World Wide Web for openness and democracy, for the flawless enjoyment of knowledge and wisdom by using the great techno privileges, and all are free of cost.

The vision of developing ‘world wide web’ is a failure repercussion under the neo-emergent business-ethics of capitalism. Today’s polarization of web access has already seized the beauty of the earliest innovation. Tim Berners-Lee expressed his depression in a recent interview session with The Guardian and where he said:

“When I invented the web, I didn’t have to ask Vint Cerf [the ‘father of the internet’] for permission to use the internet,… I’m still an optimist, but an optimist standing at the top of the hill with a nasty storm blowing in my face, hanging on to a fence,… We have these dark ads that target and manipulate me and then vanish because I can’t bookmark them. This is not democracy —this is putting who gets selected into the hands of the most manipulative companies out there,… We are so used to these systems being manipulated that people just think that’s how the internet works. We need to think about what it should be like.” (See: Tim Berners-Lee on the future of the web: ‘The system is failing’: The Guardian)

Lee’s depressive tone perhaps the reminder that, —humanity is ruled by somehow a thousand years old manipulative polarization. Manipulates information to restrain the society from unexpected chaos, refrained ordinary people by implanting a closed monitoring system in the society, and exploiting the society as a whole by prohibited the access to source code. Human society has never been able to stand on the open sharing platform. It always tried to establish a regimented society where the source code of openness was always implanted under restriction and prohibition.

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The Guardian: Tim Berners-Lee on the future of the web: ‘The system is failing

… The early history of software programming was an echobait of traditional ‘capitalistic monotheism’. It appeared later a giant industry by twisted the earlier naivety of imagination, beauty, togetherness, and knowledge sharing purpose on the open source platform.
… … …

The ancient age, God was speaking out through alabaster and sometimes he was spoken out through the live Medium. His source code treated secret, and public access was prohibited at that time. Medieval age is not exceptional. The holistic church has appeared in public through the Medium, and access to the source code was confined or prohibited as well. Folks played carrier’s role but knew very little about the source coded mystery of Trinity and so on. Modern age as is not so different, it is identical to the old ethical ordains of insulation, manipulation, exploitation of human’s inner capacity throng the systematic source coded discipline and order. Any new invention probably appeared a changing factor for a cultural transaction and in some extent transition as well, but the impact of that transition in ground level is always seeing bleak and pale

The techno-gurus of modern times (and the old as well) is somehow bit blunt to the sociopolitical and evolution behavior of humans on this planet, and as well they are insofar tenacious to the optimism, not so far tenacious to think the impact of any invention in light of some pessimism as well. Sometimes this pessimist ‘self-criticism’ is appeared crucial before going to declare hopeful statement for the planetary humans, otherwise feeling of downfall (as Tim Bernes-Lee feel recent) is perhaps inevitable.
… … …

… The productivity of a new invention for free-access, free sharing, and enrichment of human wisdom treated secondary in a capitalist society, in where any voluntary participation has always measured by the microscopic profit-loss accumulation. Bill Gates (and many others tech-Mughals of his time and later) are the victim of the grand narrative of capitalism. It victimized them and they have victimized now the entire human community, as once the Pope-King based hierarchy victimized common folks accordingly the same order and discipline….

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Fossbytes: Short Bytes: Steve Jobs & Linus Torvalds
Cover Photo Credit: Steemit: Jawaida: Analysing the advantages and cons of ethical hacking

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